DCS GRAMMAR CHART

English 1

Use a variety of sentence types (simple, compound, complex, compound-complex)

Select verb tense to show sense of time

Apply parts of speech to clarify and edit language

Address clarity and style toward  such strategies as parallelism, coordination and subordination, variety and details, appropriate and exact words, and conciseness

Analyze place and role of dialects and standard/ nonstandard English

Use vocabulary strategies such as roots and affixes, word maps, and context clues to understand the meaning of words

Avoid fragments, run-ons, and comma splices

Select correct subject-verb agreement, consistent verb tense, and appropriate verbs

Use and place modifiers correctly

Edit for spelling and mechanics



English 2

Use varying sentence structures (inversion, introductory phrases) and sentence types (simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex)

Analyze author's choice of words, sentence structure, and use of language

Use word recognition strategies to understand vocabulary and exact word choice (Greek, Latin roots and affixes, analogies, idioms, denotation, connotation)

Use vocabulary strategies such as context clues, resources, and structural analysis (roots, prefixes, etc) to understand the meaning of words and phrases

Examine textual and classroom language for idioms, denotation, and connotation to apply effectively in own writing/speaking

Use correct format for essays, business letters, research papers, bibliographies

Use language effectively to create mood and tone

Edit for subject-verb agreement, tense choice, pronoun usage, clear antecedents, correct case, complete sentences, parallel structure, clichés and trite expressions, spelling, appropriate and correct mechanics (commas, italics, underlining, semicolon, colon, apostrophe, quotation marks)

English 3

Decode vocabulary using Anglo-Saxon, Greek, and Latin bases and suffixes

Use vocabulary strategies such as context clues, resources, and structural analysis (roots, prefixes, etc) to understand the meaning of words and phrases

Recognize the relationship between pairs of words in analogies (synonyms/antonyms, connotation/denotation)

Revise writing to enhance voice and style, sentence variety, subtlety of meaning, and tone in considerations of questions being addressed, purpose, audience, and genres

Contrast language conventions of American authors from different time periods

Emphasize using standard language in formal settings such as job interviews, academic presentations, or public speaking events

Review and refine purposeful use of varying sentence types with correct punctuation; correct pronoun usage, antecedents, and case; subject-verb agreement and choice of tense; and effective phrases and clauses

Discuss parts of speech as they relate to writing

Edit for correct spelling and punctuation

English 4

Use context clues, resources, and structural analysis to determine the meaning of words

Use and apply grammatical, metaphorical, or rhetorical devices

Recognize how to use different language conventions: loose or periodic sentences, effective use of passive voice, or importance of strong verbs

Revise writing to enhance voice and style, sentence variety, subtlety of meaning, and tone in considerations of  questions being addressed, purpose, audience, and genres.

Contrast language conventions of British authors from different time periods

Emphasize using standard language in formal settings such as job interviews, academic presentations, or public speaking events

Edit for correct punctuation, spelling, and mechanics

Use appropriate transition words and phrases

Review and refine purposeful use of various sentence types